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Fetal Genital Anatomy

 

 

We  described in detail with histology, computer 3-D reconstruction, immunohistochemistry and Optical projection tomography the anatomy of the human male and female genitalia.   This work has lead to a more precise anatomical understanding of the surgical anatomy of the normal male and the hypospadiac penis. 

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Translation of this work to surgical reonstruction of the congenital penile curvature in patients with and without hypospadias has lead to the widespread use of the “midline dorsal plication technique” .  

 
  Antomical studies of female anatomy has lead to nerve preservation techniques for feminizing genitoplasty and rational for partial urogenital mobilzation for patients with severe urogenital sinus anomalies.
 
 
 

 


 

 


 


 

 

 




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